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Risks Associated with C-Section

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Currently, 1 out of 3 women deliver by cesarean in the US.

The increasing complication rate of cesarean deliveries and the ability to perform repeat c-sections create a parallel increase in severe maternal morbidities and mortalities.

Every pregnant or pregnant-to-be woman deserves to know the incidence of cesarean birth and the risks associated with C-section. The manifestations of these short or long-term consequences can be observed for many years after the cesarean delivery and can lead to severe maternal complications during a subsequent pregnancy or lead to unhealthy conditions affecting quality of life and often requiring intensive interventions.


At present, providers, patients, and other stakeholders view these complications as related to the nature of the cesarean operation and truly little research exists to explore whether “technical or other factors” may influence these outcomes. While both providers and patients may be aware of these complications, they are often not discussed before the indication and need for a cesarean delivery arises.

Severe complications in subsequent pregnancies after a prior C-section include:

  • Placenta Accreta Spectrum

  • Cesarean Scar Pregnancy

  • Uterine Rupture

In non-pregnant women, these complications often presented after a prior cesarean delivery include:

  • Uterine Scar Defect

  • Abdominal And Pelvic Adhesions

  • Chronic Pelvic Pain

  • Irregular Bleeding

  • Painful Sexual Intercourse

  • Painful Menses

  • Infertility

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